If you have an underground room at your home, the family might be complaining because it is always cold. However, you also have to figure out the reasons that are making the basement cold. However, also explore some of the options you can use to heat that basement efficiently.
In this article, I have given relevant information that you need for heating the basement easily and efficiently.
There are different causes of cold in the basement. So, while considering the method to heat your basement, ensure it solves the problems you’re experiencing.
So, by reading this article, you will get the issues I have broken down about the reasons why you experience cold basements and what you have to do.
Why You Need To Heat Your Basement
Basement heating is needed, whether it’s finished or not because heating will give comfort when using it.
However, here are the reasons why you have to heat the basement:
When the hear rises from the floor, it draws cold air. It happens because warm air is lighter than cold, so cold air from band/rim joist will flow into the basement.
When in the basement, and most people don’t like wearing shoes, they feel cold on their feet. So, it will result to comfort problems.
Some of the cold air will also go to higher levels, and that is the reason why you should consider heating the basement.
When the basement is cold, it results in loss of heat from the basement ductwork and potable water lines. Since the heat will have to migrate to the cold when the basement will be cold making heat migrate and spread in your basement.
In case the ducts won’t be sealed, the cold air will return and cause depressurization that leads to withdrawing outdoor air into your basements through the leaks.
when it’s cold, the basements are an incubator for the growth of mold. Mold is associated with various health problems. To avoid future health problems, heat the basement.
Why Your Basement Is So Cold?
The basement is the room underground in your house. There are different reasons that make it cold.
However, the ground is the major cause of most cold you experience in the basement. The reason is that it contains moisture and therefore inherently colder. As you know, the moisture will cause coldness in the floor making the basement space also cold.
If there is a portion of the basement that has cracks, multiple heat-weak points, and joists, cold air will be seeping inside that room making it colder.
The other culprit behind cold air in the basement is because of poorly ventilated laundry. If the dryer vent is poorly ventilated, it ends up dumping more water vapor into the basement. When there is high moisture in the basement, it becomes too cold.
The other reason why the basement will be cold is during the cold weather period, especially during winter. Cold weather has a low dew point. It makes the floors and walls to start sweating quickly.
Lastly, the natural way of making the basement is because the heat will rise and draw cold air in. So, the heat will be at the upper level, and the bottom will be cold. That is why the basement will feel cold even during hot periods.
Top 7 Method To Heat Your Cold Basement
In a home basement, most homeowners don’t utilize it making it have more space. However, during the cold time or winter period, the basement will be colder compared to other rooms in the house.
If the basement continues to lose heat, it means you will add energy bills. It’s fortunate because there are some things you will do to make your basement an inviting place where you can spend more time and reduce the cost of energy.
However, the essential thing is understanding the causes of coldness in your room. After you know why the basement is cold, then choose a solution to heat from these 7 methods:
In most ceilings of the basement, they usually have ductwork running. However, forced air systems work exceptionally to make the basement warm.
This method should be the first thing to have in mind as you plan to heat the basement.
If you choose this method of heating the basement, start by figuring out a good spot that you’ll poke a hole. Then add a register.
In case the basement doesn’t have the duct, it will make you do more work. You will have to ensure you run a duct line that you have to tap it into the trunk.
By considering physics principles behind the airflow, then you will have an idea of how the method will work. The only problem is that you have to bother the upstairs rooms with less airflow.
For you, the best solution is when you control it manually the ductwork. The only thing you will face is too much hassle.
Baseboard heaters are an effective way to heat the basement in your house. However, for you not to extend and create a single-zone problem of heating, it’s preferred you separate the two.
So, you have to use 3-6-feet baseboard units sitting by baseboard in the basement. However, there are challenges you will face. First, this method doesn’t suit a bigger room, so it will force you to use more if your basement is big.
The other problem you will face is because it will need more space and therefore not good for the aesthetic of the room. When you put baseboard heater on the wall, it, therefore, means you won’t put the couch or any dense furniture.
The advantage is that this method is a quicker and wiser option. It’s an effective method you should consider.
If you have a small basement, then using a space heater will be an effective method to heat. The best thing is that it heats the room quicker and easier. However, an added advantage of space heaters is portability and no installation needed. It’s plug and play.
If the installation becomes a breeze, the energy consumption needed to generate the heat will be something else.
But despite having quick heat benefit, you will also unplug it and use it in another space, making the room warm in a jiffy.
The only problem you have with space heaters is because it’s inefficient to use when you want to best a big space. However, be cautious with fire hazards, they result in some models.
Fireplaces and Stoves
For most people, they are a fan of fireplaces and stove as a method of heating their basement. However, for this method, it might be a bit expensive because you need to have a chimney that will eliminate toxic gases such as carbon monoxide.
While considering this method of heating the basement, there are three options you might consider: wood pellets, gas, and wood-burning fireplaces.
On the other hand, despite this method looking awesome, it will also be an inconvenient one. It’s something that needs an expert to install it and therefore a major project.
Pellets burning fireplace, on the other hand, will use more space in your basement. It’s on the positive side because it uses recycled wood.
However, don’t also forget that you should store the wood or pellets when choosing this method. Cleaning of ashes will be done regularly. If you are having storage problems, you might consider the other options.
Radiant Heating – Underfloor
For efficient heating of the basement, you might consider choosing this method. Heating the floor becomes an excellent method for keeping the basement warm and especially when you have installed tiles or concrete. The two will bring extreme cold basement floor.
You see, most people don’t like using flip-flops or shoes while at the house. Such things will bother their natural order of things in their homes. And because they need warm surfaces, radiant floor heating will be the best solution. It makes the basement cozy and comfortable.
Basement Wall & Ceiling Options
There are different ways you can use when heating the ceiling or wall of the basement. There are some that will work better than others depending on whether the basement is finished or unfinished.
For a ventilated heating system, you should be having a working heat run and the cold air return. When you have a cool air return on your ceiling, it will ensure air will return to the basement when heated properly.
Before considering this last method, it’s best you know the coldness of the surrounding environment. It will dictate the type of insulation you need to use for your basement walls to make the room get warmer.
For most people, they prefer using the interior wall insulation options available. There are different materials that suit the role of insulation such as XPS, mineral wool and EPS insulation materials. However, one thing about these insulation materials is because they are waterproof, and therefore, no moisture will pass through the walls from outside. The other reason despite not absorbing water, the materials are cost-effective.
So, it means that you can easily heat the basement ceiling with the help of insulation options. These insulation materials are manageable to all the ceilings, but for most people having a basement in their home, they prefer to insulate their walls.
Basement Heating: FAQ
Do I need to hear a finished basement?
It depends! Do you frequently use the basement or why do you need it warm? However, if it’s cold you should pick a method suitable to heat it. Most people argue that outside is cooler than inside, thinking the basement will be warm.
What makes my basement cold?
There are different means of making the basement cold. The essential method is where the ground will be the cause because it has moisture and therefore inherently colder. The above places are also another cause because they allow cold air to seep into the basement through joists and cracks.
Today, most of the homeowners have underground rooms. The challenge is that the basement room will have a lot of space making it colder especially in cold months. Besides, planning to heat the basement will add your energy bill. By choosing the above methods, one can fit the purpose of heating an underground room without spending much.